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Fire Extinguisher Training: Using the P.A.S.S. Technique

Fire Alarm Inspection

The P.A.S.S Technique

  • P - Pull the pin, located at the top of the fire extinguisher. It is inserted into the handle to prevent accidental discharge.

  • A - Aim the extinguisher nozzle at the base of the flames. Remember to keep the fire extinguisher right side up and perpendicular to the ground.

  • S - Squeeze the trigger while holding the extinguisher upright.

  • S - Sweep the extinguisher from side to side, aiming at the base of the fire. Cover the area of the fire with the extinguishing agent. Watch the fire area. If the fire re-ignites, repeat the process.

Training Overview
For over a century, fire extinguishers have been a valuable tool for fighting certain small fires. Everyone should know how to use a fire extinguisher, but many people don’t. Nor does everyone know that a specific type of extinguisher should be used for each class of fire. Using the wrong extinguisher could spread the fire, not put it out.  This program explains basic fire safety, the different classes of fires and which extinguishers to use for each. As well as, when to fight a fire, how to use the P.A.S.S. method and when not to attempt to extinguish a fire in your work area.

OSHA 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR):
“Where the employer has provided portable fire extinguishers for employee use in the workplace, the employer shall also provide an educational program to familiarize employees with the general principles of fire extinguisher use and the hazards involved with incipient stage fire-fighting. This training will be provided upon initial employment and at least annually thereafter...”


  • 1. Sound the alarm
  • 2. Get everyone out
  • 3. Call the fire department
  • 4. Assess whether the fire is appropriate for a portable fire extinguisher.


  • The fire is spreading beyond the spot where it started.
  • You can’t fight the fire with your back to an escape exit.
  • The fire can block your only escape.
  • You don’t have adequate fire-fighting equipment.

There are five different classes of fires. Each has its own corresponding type of fire extinguisher to be used on the front of the fire extinguisher.

Class A Ordinary solid combustibles
Class A fire extinguishers are water based. They work by cooling the materials below their ignition point & soaking fibers to prevent re-ignition.

Class B Ones involving flammable liquids
Class B fire extinguishers contain carbon dioxide which removes the oxygen, preventing vapors from reaching the ignition source or inhibiting the chemical chain reaction.

Class C Energized electrical equipment:
Class C fire extinguishers are filled with an extinguishing agent that is not capable of conducting electrical currents.

Class D Combustible metals .
Class D fire extinguishers use a dry powder extinguishing agent specially designated for the material involved.
In most cases they absorb the heat from the material, cooling it below their ignition temperature.

Class K Commercial kitchen cooking media
The alkaline mixture combined with the fatty acid create a soapy foam layer on the surface which holds in the va-pors and steam and extinguishes the fire.


Our Clients

The Fire Safety Groups clients span an array of industries from Restaurants to Hospitals. Below you will find a small sample of clients we service.


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